Living without liberty is not living. -- Ed Evans, MGySgt., USMC (Ret.)
THIS IS THE CONTRACT BETWEEN THE ARKANSAS LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY COMMISSION AND THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE/APHIS FOR 2007. IT IS REQUIRING US TO USE THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT TO GET THESE AGREEMENTS. AS YOU READ THIS DOCUMENT, CAREFULLY THINK ABOUT THE WORDS THEY ARE USING - AND NOT USING. ALSO, THE ARKANSAS HORSE COUNCIL DOES *NOT* AGREE WITH MANDATORY NAIS AND IS STANDING WITH ARAPA - NOT WITH THE ALPC. THE ARKANSAS HORSE COUNCIL HAS ASKED THE ALPC TO WITHDRAW THEIR NAME FROM THESE DOCUMENTS, BUT AS YOU CAN SEE WITH THE 2007 CA, THEY HAVE NOT DONE THIS. THEY CONTINUE TO LEAD PEOPLE INTO BELIEVING THAT THESE ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE ARKANSAS HORSE COUNCIL ARE *FOR* THE NAIS WHEN THEY ARE NOT.
ALSO PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS DOCUMENT CLEARLY STATES THAT THE NAIS *WILL* BE MANDATORY - NOT VOLUNTARY AS THE USDA WEBSITE STATES.
NATIONAL ANIMAL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (NAIS)
According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, no persons are required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0579-0259. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 20 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of informatino.
WORK PLAN FORMAT
Plan Administrator: Phil Wyrick, Executive Director
Name of State or Tribal Government: AR Livestock & Poultry Commission
Address: #1 Natural Resources Dr. P.O. Box 8505
City, State, Zip: Little Rock, Ar. 72215
Office Phone: 501-907-2400
Cell Phone: 501-517-2534
Email address (Plan Administrator): firstname.lastname@example.org
List additional State departments, Tribes, etc. that have confirmed participating in the plan (complete name, address, etc.).
These funds may only be used for the implementation and administration of premises registration in accordance with the NAIS and support of outreach efforts pertaining to all activities that promote the NAIS implementation plan for achieving full participation by 2009. Special field trials and research projects which attempt to address problems or questions about NAIS implementation must be funded through a separate application to the announcement specific for that funding.
Signature of Plan Administrator: (signed by Phil Wyrick)
Date: December 14, 2006
Please complete each section explained on the following pages and maintain the format on your application. Section V, "Application and Submission Information" provides more details on the information requested and how it will be used to evaluate applications for funding.
OBJECTIVES AND NEED FOR ASSISTANCE
Arkansas' Premises Identification System, through an enhanced and aggressive plan for education and outreach, has registered 18% of its estimated premises. To ensure that we continue to progress and sucessfully transition our livestock industry into NAIS, we must ramp up our current efforts by concentrating on measures that have proven to be effective. Stakeholders input provided responses that allowed USDA on October 31, 2006 to unveil a renewed, uniform educational message for all individuals, businesses, and organizations that focused on the benefit of NAIS to producers. This important document will provide the factual information needed to negate the erroneous messages being communicated by those factions who oppose NAIS. Our plan includes effective use of existing outreach resources such as cooperative extension, state area veterinarian in charge (AVIC) offices and state industry organizations, to stakeholders at all levels within Arkansas. Financial assistance will be critical to our efforts to register all premises. To strengthen our efforts, a NAIS coordination advisory committee representing all segments of the livestock industry will be appointed to provide necessary input and guidance into our aggressive plan. The committee will meet as often as necessary to ensure that goals and objectives remain targeted and are being achieved as effectively as possible. No less than quarterly meetings will be planned for the committee. Our soon to be implemented Quality Systems Assessment Program will provide important incentives to registering more premises as producers who wish to participate will be required to register their premises. We believe that market forces and industry needs will drive more producer participation. Extensive outreach presentations will continue throughout the state. Financial assistance will be critical to our efforts to position our industries to meet established goals whereby normal commerce will continue on an uninterrupted basis. Our operating plan will continue to engage 33 currently employed and experienced livestock inspectors to contact individual producers in their assigned areas of the state with a goal of informing and registering premises with the assistance of educational messages continued in USDA's October 31, 2006 informational material. Federal funds to support this intense outreach effort would be 16% of their annual salary or $206,156.00. The balance of federal funds will support outreach expenses in the amount of $70,844.00 for supplies, equipment, data entry personnel and other associated costs for printing, postage, etc.
RESULTS OR BENEFITS EXPECTED
Emphasis will be on customer service as we continue to broaden our outreach efforts. USDA's October 31, 2006 informational material will be an important instrument and focal point in informing and increasing participation by all producer entities. We expect our NAIS project to provide exposure to 90% of Arkansas' livestock producers, many of whom have heard the message several times but must be continuously reminded and encouraged to register their premises. We expect hits on the ARLPC website to continue to increase as we work hard to make it easy and appealing to producers. We expect to meet a goal of registering 60% of our premises by December 31, 2007. We plan to build upon all our successes realized to date and capitalize on our extensive outreach network to meet our goals.
ARLPC's challenge and goal is to facilitate a smooth transition of producer participation into NAIS by being a facilitator in helping the livestock industry to prepare and position itself to enter and effectively participate in NAIS. If successful, we will continue to create comfort levels in the consuming public and producers, which will positively affect the well-being of all livestock industries in our state. Rapid response and recovery will be greatly enhanced as we close in on achieving full participation in NAIS.
Our plan of action will include enhanced efforts to broaden information capabilities to those who have not been exposed and further educate producers who are informed with aim of word of mouth going from participants to those who have not been reached through our current program. USDA's uniform educational message unveiled on October 31, 2006 will be an important catalyst and basis in our renewed communication to livestock producers. ARLPC's current standard premises registration will continue on an uninterrupted basis, which will include statewide industry meetings conducted by ARLPC, Cattlemen's Association, Farm Bureau, AR Pork Producers Association, sheep and goat organizations and the fair industry. We will continue to engage our 33-member field livestock inspection staff in contacting individual producers about NAIS and its benefits and making it a simple process to register premises. 16% of their time will be dedicated to our enhanced outreach efforts. Our recently purchased incident command center truck and trailer and appropriate manpower to set up at livestock producer meetings will be utilized to aggressively present NAIS and assist attendees to easily register their premises. We believe this aggressive and direct exposure at a relaxed atmosphere will lead to a sizeable increase in premises registrations. Meeting attendees and fairgoers will be attracted to what we believe is an impressive command center that will be used in the event of any foreign or domestic animal disease outbreak. We belive this exposure will emphasize the bottom line of the NAIS. This same field staff will increase their contacts with auction markets, veterinary clinics, feed stores, etc. with the intent to communicate provisions of NAIS with goal of enhancing premises registrations. Our livestock inspection staff will remain actively engaged in the individual animal indentification component with our equine industry by implanting ID chips in horses and tracking their movements with the use of readers. This facet has functioned exceptionally well as more and more horse owners are lining up to participate. This success is carrying over to other livestock entities as they are able to better see and understand the full picture of NAIS and its intended purpose. We will continue to expand and solicit more horse owners to join this endeavor that will be provided by our field inspection staff at no charge. We expect horse owners who are currently participating to be ambassadors for premises registration. This valuable experience will ready our agency to be a more important entity in helping the livestock industry to transition into NAIS with the requirement that only livestock producers with premises numbers will be eligible to use official identification devices. Emphasis will be placed on providing sufficient education and outreach to make sure all producers and stakeholders in Arkansas receive correct information about NAIS.
Our enhanced effort will include a continued effort to integrate premises data from our state's scrapie and swine health programs into NAIS. We will remain dedicated to making the transition as easy as possible. Follow-up communications will be performed via telephone or individual contact by livestock inspection personnel to assure complete coverage and return of NAIS premises numbers expediently.
ARLPC will continue to initiate various other measures to increase information and premises registration to include the following:
1. Field inspectors will make brucellosis calfhood vaccination participants aware of premises registration. Premises ID forms and free mailing envelopes will be given to producers.
2. Uniform NAIS message outlined by USDA on October 31, 2006 will be mailed to all 75 county judges and quorum courts explaining program and offering to meet with all to explain the program in its entirety.
3. Booths will be set up at the Arkansas Rural Development Commission's annual meeting as well as all other livestock industry meetings and conventions to promote premises registration.
4. Reach more dairy farmers via NAIS mail-outs with effort to come to meetings to explain NAIS and the need to register their premises.
5. Make arrangements with all auction market operators to give a short, but effective presentation about NAIS and the importance of registering their premises.
6. Work with all producers who have registered premises and have indicated desire to obtain AIN's as an enhanced effort to provide the entire scope of NAIS with purpose and intent to create a comfort level with producers as they become total participants and become experienced factors for those that may want to follow.
7. Continue to use and enhance ARLPC's system that integrates with and provides data interfaces with premises allocator, National Premises Information
Repository and AIN Management System.
8. Engage AVIC, VMS's and Animal Health Technicians in providing uniform NAIS message outlined by USDA on October 31, 2006 via producer meetings and individual producer contacts while performing assigned program work.
ARLPC's message will remain the same as we provide all individuals, businesses, and organizations a correct and consistent message about how they will benefit from NAIS and their responsibility to participate.
PLAN OF ACTION:
Continue an aggressive plan for education and outreach that partner with all stakeholders at all levels within the state to provide all individuals, businesses, and organizations a correct and consistent message about how they will benefit from NAIS and their responsibility to participate. Outreach resources that will be engaged are Arkansas Cattlemen's Association, Arkansas Farm Bureau, Arkansas Pork Producers Association, Arkansas Horse Council, equine associations, sheep and goat associations, Arkansas Auction Market Association, the fair industry, and the AVIC's office. All will be asked to assist in meeting our goal of registering 60% of our premises by December 31, 2007. Experience has shown an increase in premises registered, more hits on our website, and more individual phone calls asking more about NAIS and how to register.
Our plan of attending all auction markets on sale day and giving a short, consistent and correct presentation will help to secure the registration of the more hardcore producers. Our plan of covering all county, district and state fairs with our emergency incident command truck and trailer with the goal of registering more premises will be successful as we stress the importance of NAIS in terms of preparation, response and recovery should a foreign animal disease or domestic disease of concern reach our state. Stakeholders will continue to work as meeting organizers and information disseminators for outreach efforts. We plan to recruit the Arkansas Cattlemen's Association and the Arkansas Farm Bureau to establish a friendly competition in Arkansas' 75 counties, whereby presidents at the county level will work to register the highest percentage of premises based on livestock populations. ARLPC will work with these organizations to set a protocol for the competition with award(s) being provided by ARLPC through cooperative funding. We envision a program similar to the current membership drives conducted by these organizations. We believe the result will be substantial. Possible awards could be in the form of plaques.
Our plan of action will include an enhanced involvement by the University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service through its agents stationed in all 75 counties. Each agent has a PowerPoint presentation that is informative and consistent with NAIS. These agents touch every age in the populous of their arena of responsibility. We will continue to encourage all agents to be proactive in helping us reach our goal of 60% premises registration by December 31, 2007. These same agents are present at almost every agriculture meeting in their communities, whereby the distribution of NAIS tri-folds designed by their organization would be handed out and explained.
DETAIL WORK TO BE ACCOMPLISHED
Concentration will be on registering more premises to meet benchmarks for progress with the immediate goal of 60% premises registered by December 31, 2007 and create positive momentum for obtaining 100% premises registered by January 2009. We believe all of the enhanced measures contained in our fund proposal will be effective in allowing us to meet established milestones. We believe our soon to be announced QSA program will be a driver for achieving a successful level of participation in the NAIS. Market forces and industry needs will help to move producers to participate in NAIS. We expect our current horse chipping and the tracking of movements will continue to increase and provide an experience factor for all horse owners as well as other livestock producers who are monitoring its progress and how it could easily be implemented into their livestock production practices. Our current voluntary premises registration and horse chipping and tracking campaign will remain in place as producers are more favorable to this approach. We currently have 18% of our estimated premises registered to date for a total of 6,761 premises. We have communicated with all producers whose premise data are contained in existing databases with intent of producers. Participation has not been at the level we hoped, but we will continue to solicit their participation. We have worked hard at making our volunteer registration program producer-friendly with the least amount of paperwork and a quick processing time for getting premises numbers back to producers. Good producer experiences with NAIS will be essential to continued success, a measure that we work on every day.
The following stakeholders continue to work as meeting organizers and information disseminators for outreach efforts. These organizations will continue to schedule meeting dates, times and facilities throughout the state by working with their membership networks. They will also be asked to communicate to their memberships through individual invitations, newsletters, magazines, county and statewide meetings, and conventions about NAIS scheduled throughout Arkansas to facilitate and encourage attendance.
1. Producer organizations: Arkansas Cattlemen's Association, Arkansas Farm Bureau, Arkansas Pork Producer's Association, Arkansas Horse Council, equine associations, sheep and goat organizations, and the fair industry.
2. ARLPC will continue to work closely with other departments in state government that have producer contact networks which will be able to assist in the delivery of outreach information.
3. We will continue to engage the University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service to organize outreach events and assist in the premises registration of all livestock producer entities.
4. Auction markets, feed stores, veterinary clinics, agricultural supply stores and others will continue to play an important role in registering more premises.
We plan to continue to encourage all county producer organizations to make NAIS a topic at their monthly meetings throughout the state. Theses same county meetings include minutes of all topics of conversation, including speakers and information concerning NAIS.
Our ramped up premises registration program will encompass all species of livestock with an estimated number of potential premises being as follows:
Cattle Swine Sheep Goats Equine Camelids
29,925 900 556 1,388 12,844 225
Corresponding estimated numbers of animals are as follows:
Cattle Swine Sheep Goats Equine Camelids
1,900,000 330,000 13,797 32,797 75,203 1,100
A major thrust will be to reach producers who have not been exposed to and informed about NAIS, including its purpose and its benefits to all livestock industry components. We will also work hard to register producers who have heard about NAIS but have not chosen to register their premises. We have found that consistent and timely communications have moved producers to register after hearing the message three or four times. All supportive resources available will be effectively used in educating, preparing and transitioning the livestock industry, including all sectors of production and marketing. An estimated number participating from each are as follows:
Producers Markets Packing Plants
45,613 47 26
Our plan will be an extension of our efforts to reach and register all producers throughout the state, which is tailored to support outreach efforts by USDA, APHIS. Industry meetings will continue covering the entire state and these efforts will be enhanced as we target livestock producers who have not been exposed to NAIS or are not sure or not totally informed or clear about their role in the national effort. 33-member livestock inspection team will be making continuous contacts at farms, markets and fairs, and industry monthly meetings to keep the message in front of producers continuously. Sufficient education and outreach will be enhanced. to make sure all producers and stakeholders receive the uniform NAIS message outlined by USDA on October 31, 2006.
The major tool to gain feedback is the number of registered livestock premises in Arkansas, the number of producers participating in our animal identification and tracking program, as well as feedback from livestock producers at industry meetings and individual agency contacts to determine customer concerns about indentification in general. All successful avenues as well as any unsuccessful efforts will be shared with USDA, APHIS.
ACCOMPLISHMENT OF PROPOSED ACTIVITES
Registration of 60% of all livestock premises by December 31, 2007 will be the goal of project as we incorporate extensive efforts to reach all Arkansas producers and educate them about NAIS and its benefits. Our enhanced premises registration campaign will involve additional resources needed to touch all producers and encouarge and lead them to participate in NAIS. Accomplishment reports will reflect if goal listed above is being achieved.
Getting the message to livestock producers will involve all current outreach activities. By assigning 33 ARLPC livestock inspection personnel and USDA VMO's and animal health technicians to contact, educate, and register all known producers in all segments of the state. Contacts will include coverage of livestock markets, feed stores, fairs, and veterinarians. Personal contacts will be designed to achieve comfort levels that lead producers to register premises.
In order to train our livestock inspection personnel to be agents for producers when individual animal ID becomes mandatory, we will continue to use our personnel to work with equine owners in inserting chips in horses for preparedness purposes and create a tracking record for all movements to ready Arkansas to transition when individual animal ID becomes mandatory. Livestock inspection personnel will also assist in tagging other livestock with approved AID tags. Such training and experiences will provide all livestock producers with a supportive team. We will measure the number of equine and other livestock that are individually identified and the number of movement transactions entered in ARLPC's database through accomplishment reports.
A new approach will be the recruitment of the Arkansas Cattlemen's Association and the Arkansas Farm Bureau to participate in a friendly competition in Arkansas' 75 counties, whereby presidents at the county level will work to register the highest percentage of premises based on livestock populations. ARLPC will work with these organizations to set a protocol for the competition with rewards being provided by ARLPC through cooperative funding.
We will continue to transition scrapie and swine health herds into the NAIS Premises Registration to provide momentum toward achieving established goals.
Our continued intense, individual producer contacts involving all livestock segments will be designed to reach 45,613 stakeholders regarding NAIS. Our educational efforts will also include contacting associated groups/organizations throughout the state, including livestock markets, feed stores, and veterinarians, etc... estimated to be 650. Our goal will be to reach 90% of these supporting entities. We will continue to measure customer satisfaction and the volume of registrations. The resulting product should be basic, responsive, and economical. ARLPC will continue to carry out a system that will not jeopardize proprietary information. Throughout the year, livestock producers will have the opportunity to engage in a face-to-face meeting or an online description.
ARLPC expects the following results from its outreach proposal. Hits on the web page attached to the ARLPC website will be measured. The expected web hits will be 2,400 - 2,700 monthly. The resulting exposure to the NAIS from the ARLPC website will be 28,800-40,800 annually. Distribution of brochures outlining the NAIS will be facilitated through existing information centers located in livestock markets, veterinary clinics and cooperative extension offices throughout the state. Printed material will also be distributed at meetings, individual producer contacts and trade shows. We anticipate printing and delivering 34,000 brochures to livestock producers over the course of the year. Producer awareness meetings and statewide producer contacts by our 33-member livestock inspection team will provide the greatest exposure to the NAIS. Our goal is to register 25% of Arkansas' livestock producers by December 31, 2007.
Placing customer satisfaction as a top priority remains critical to the success of animal identification in Arkansas and nationwide. Acceptance will be improved with a good experience during our enhanced premises registration campaign. Our goal is to prepare and position Arkansas livestock producers to enter the individual animal identification phase of NAIS with the least amount of disruption as possible.
1-Animal ID program coordinator - currently employed
1-Database manager - currently employed
33-Livestock inspectors - currently employed - 16% of time
TRAVEL: Presentation of outreach and individual producer contacts
Motel expense - 18 nights X $75
Gasoline - 39,102 miles X 39 cents
Meals - $30/day X 14 days
Microchips - $10/chip X 1,200 equines
Temporary data entry personnel - Premises ID and Animal Movements
Supportive expenses, including printing, postage, awards, etc.
TOTAL PROJECT COST:
Federal: $249,300 State Match: $119,558 TOTAL: $368,858
ATTACHMENT TO APHIS FORM 63
2. Highly trained and experienced livestock inspector staff that is strategically located throughout the state.
3. Livestock inspectors with average tenure of 20 years working in the Brucellosis Program.
4. Livestock inspectors are experts in handling, testing and completing epidemiology reports on livestock.
5. Livestock inspectors are assigned necessary testing equipment and supplies to be used at sale barns and on individual farms.
6. High investment in assuring that Arkansas retains its brucellosis free status.
7. Inspection staff can meet all necessary testing requirements at sale barns and on individual farms in an expedient manner.
8. Experienced livestock inspection staff has thorough knowledge of program requirements without drawings or specifications.
9. Proposal is a continual effort to provide statewide surveillance to assure the retention of brucellosis free status.
10. Strategically located livestock inspectors to cover testing requirements at all sale barns and on individual farms.
11. Award has been continuous and effective in meeting all brucellosis program requirements. Success of efforts makes changing unnecessary.
12. Arkansas Livestock and Poultry Commission, in its desire to continue a strong brucellosis surveillance program, submitted request for financial assistance. No known entity that could effectively provide the necessary services that the Commission is currently providing.
13. The Arkansas Livestock and Poultry Commission's highly trained, experienced and strategically located staff currently meets goals and objectives of program.
THE NEXT TIME SOMEONE TELLS YOU THE NAIS IS DEAD IN THE WATER, HAVE THEM READ THIS!
Cooperative Agreement for a Benefit Cost Analysis of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS)
The synopsis for this grant opportunity is detailed below, following this paragraph. This synopsis contains all of the updates to this document that have been posted as of 03/21/2007. If updates have been made to the opportunity synopsis, update information is provided below the synopsis.
If you would like to receive notifications of changes to the grant opportunity click send me change notification emails. The only thing you need to provide for this service is your email address. No other information is requested.
Any inconsistency between the original printed document and the disk or electronic document shall be resolved by giving precedence to the printed document.
|Document Type:||Grants Notice|
|Funding Opportunity Number:||USDA-GRANTS-032107-001 |
|Opportunity Category:||Discretionary |
|Posted Date:||Mar 21, 2007 |
|Creation Date:||Mar 21, 2007 |
|Original Closing Date for Applications:||Jun 04, 2007 |
|Current Closing Date for Applications:||Jun 04, 2007 |
|Archive Date:||Jul 04, 2007 |
|Funding Instrument Type:||Cooperative Agreement |
|Category of Funding Activity:||Agriculture |
|Category Explanation:|| |
|Expected Number of Awards:||1 |
|Estimated Total Program Funding:||$500,000 |
|Award Ceiling:||$500,000 |
|Award Floor:|| |
|CFDA Number:||10.025 -- Plant and Animal Disease, Pest Control, and Animal Care |
|Cost Sharing or Matching Requirement:||No |
- Others (see text field entitled "Additional Information on Eligibility" for clarification)
Additional Information on Eligibility:
- Non-profits that are colleges and universities, research foundations maintained by colleges or universities, private research organizations with established and demonstrated capacities to perform research or technology transfer, Federal research agencies, and national laboratories are eligible to apply for this competitive Cooperative Agreement award
- Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
- Implementation of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) began in the fall of 2004, with voluntary premises registration made available to all interested States, Tribes, and Territories. As of January 31, 2007, over 25 percent of eligible premises had been registered nationwide. NAIS remains a voluntary effort and continues to be implemented by States, Tribes, and Territories. NAIS-approved individual animal identification devices are available, and private and State animal tracing databases are nearing implementation. NAIS is an industry-State-Federal partnership. It is a significant and comprehensive undertaking. Contributions of direct and indirect costs are and will be made by producers, animal health providers, State governments, and the Federal government. A benefit cost analysis of NAIS is needed in order to inform stakeholders and policy makers of: (i) the system’s expected net benefits, both overall and by animal industry sub-sector and, (ii) how benefits and costs are likely to be distributed among participants. This competitive Cooperative Agreement announcement is soliciting applications to perform such a benefit cost analysis of NAIS. Applications that demonstrate multi-institutional, multi-disciplinary approaches are desired. Prior experience or demonstrated familiarity by applicants with the livestock industries of the United States, NAIS, and the financial, economic, and productivity impacts of animal health threats is also desired. The successful applicant must clearly describe the methods and methodologies to be used to determine and present any future benefits and costs associated with implementation of NAIS. The analysis will be multi-dimensional, cutting along several planes: by NAIS component (premises registration, animal identification, animal movement reporting); by NAIS partner (industries, State governments, Federal government); by animal species (cattle, hogs, sheep, equine and poultry, and to the extent possible, less major species such as bison, goats, cervid, camelid, and aquaculture); by animal industry sector or sub-sector (such as individual producers of varying scale, intermediate feeders, livestock markets, and slaughter facilities); and, by regional differences that may be of significance to NAIS. For all animal industries analyzed, benefits and costs of NAIS for small holders will be fully evaluated. For comparative purposes, current and future benefits and costs of NAIS will be compared to those that would be expected to occur in the absence of NAIS. The analysis will describe benefits and costs associated with individual and group/lot unique animal identification using potentially applicable animal identification technologies, and include costs to producers and State/Federal governments of interfacing with private and/or State animal identification device distribution databases (ADDDs). The analysis of animal movement reporting systems will include benefits and costs to producers and State/Federal governments of interfacing with private and/or State animal tracking databases (ATDs). Applications must use well-defined approaches and methodologies in analyzing the benefits and costs of NAIS, and follow sound economic principles. It is suggested that the benefit cost analysis in the final report for this Cooperative Agreement be prepared in accordance with established Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidelines, as presented in OMB Circular No. A-94 Revised (October 29, 1992; updated January 26, 2006). (http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/a094/a094.html#1). Additional definitions and approaches for evaluating Federal funding are to be found in the OMB document, Statement of Federal Financial Accounting Standards, Number 4 (July 31,1995) (http://www.fasab.gov/pdffiles/sffas-4.pdf). The successful applicant will benefit from enhancement of capacity building through faculty and graduate student support; inter-departmental and inter-institutional collaboration; visibility among peer academic faculties; and demonstration of academic productivity suitable for documentation of scholarly capability for future funding opportunities. The cooperative agreement period will be for 12 months initiated on the date of the signing of the Notice of Award. The work plan must describe in detail the resources needed, experience with NAIS to date, if any, and associated timelines for achieving measurable outcomes.